What are some literary devices used in chapter 1 of All Quiet on the Western Front and what are the author's intentions? Why does he use them?

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Remarque's intentions are to record the horrors of war and the damage to the spirit of the individual.

Remarque's novel moves from an objective style to one marked more by impressionistic images and internalization of feeling. By using the realistic juxtaposed with the impressionistic, Remarque records a war both external and internal. That is, he depicts realistically the starvation, the deprivation, the senseless waiting, the marching, and the absurdities of war.

In Chapter One, Remarque begins in a reportorial voice with his narrator, Paul Baumer, describing some of his fellow soldiers and their situation. When it is time to eat, they form a queue, and then he injects some sarcasm about the military:

At the head of the queue of course were the hungriest--little Albert Knopp, the clearest thinker among us and therefore only a lance- corporal. [This is satiric sarcasm that makes fun of military officers.]

Another description that is humorous is that of Tjaden, "a skinny locksmith of Paul...

(The entire section contains 662 words.)

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