In Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, what literary devices are used in Act V, Scene 3?

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Tamara K. H. | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

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We see some uses of fiagurative language along with metaphors. Antithesis can be seen in the line: "Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal bed I strew,-- O woe! thy canopy is dust and stone." These lines make use of the antithetical images of a bed and a canopy over a bed; the bed is closer to the floor, while the canopy over the bed is closer to the ceiling. First Paris lays flowers on her casket and then refers to the ceiling of her tomb, showing the contrast of the images.

Parallelism can be seen in Paris's command to his servant and Romeo's command. Paris asks, "Give me thy torch, boy: hence, and stand aloof," while Romeo likewise declares, "Give me the light: upon thy life, I charge the, whate're thou hear'st or seest, stand all aloof."

Alliteration can be seen in the line, "Come, bitter conduct, come, unsavoury guide!," in that the consonant "c" is repeated at the beginning of three words.

Irony can be seen in the fact that both Paris and Romeo come to Juliet's tomb to mourn Juliet's death, when in fact, she is not actually really dead.


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