What are the poetic devices Poe uses in stanza 8 of "The Raven"?
Here is the stanza you're asking about:
Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into
By the grave and stern decorum of the countenance
“Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, thou,” I
said, “art sure no craven,
Ghastly grim and ancient Raven wandering from
the Nightly shore—
Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night’s
Quoth the Raven “Nevermore.”
Here are a few of the devices Poe uses in this stanza:
alliteration: shorn and shaven, Ghastly and grim. There are a few more for you to find.
allusion: Plutonian refers to Pluto, the Roman god of the underworld
personification: ravens can't talk, but Poe's raven does
rhyme: Poe uses not only end of line rhyme but also internal rhyme, meaning that words in the same line rhyme. I'll let you find those for yourself.
Hope this helps!