One literary device that William Shakespeare uses in act 5, scene 1, is apostrophe. This device is direct, second-person speech; the speaker addresses a person, a thing, or an abstract concept. When the sleepwalking Lady Macbeth enters, she speaks directly to the bloodstain that she imagines she sees on her hand:
Out, damned spot! Out, I say!
She also uses a rhetorical question, one to which there is no answer or the answer is obvious:
What, will these hands ne'er be clean?
In another sentence, Lady Macbeth uses two related devices, hyperbole and contrast. Hyperbole is extreme exaggeration for effect, while contrast calls attention to the difference between two unlike entities. “All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand” uses hyperbole in the first part, as she speaks of countless scents rather than many. Contrast is used when she juxtaposes that infinite number to her “little hand.”
The doctor , who has been listening to her apparent ravings, comments that she will...
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