The Grapes of Wrath Questions and Answers
by John Steinbeck

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What literary devices are used in John Steinbeck's book The Grapes of Wrath?

Literary devices John Steinbeck employs in The Grapes of Wrath include hyperbole, which he uses when he calls the bank a "monster." When the owners tell the tenants that the bank "isn't men, but ... can make men do what it wants," he's using personification. As money seems to be the main cause of the Joad's troubles, we might also say that the power of banks and money is a motif.

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John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath is full of literary devices. Before we get to some of them, let's make sure we know what a literary device is.

Think about what a device is. A phone could be a device, so could a computer or a tablet. What do we do on these devices? We receive and send out information, even if that information is just a smiley face emoji.

Literary devices, too, are a way to convey information. Less technically, literary devices are ways for an author to tell a story or articulate an idea in a captivating or compelling manner.

One big idea in Grapes of Wrath is the evil nature of the bank. Steinbeck employs an array of literary devices to let us know how harmful banks are.

One such device is hyperbole . What does Steinbeck call the bank? He calls it a "monster." Perhaps he could've used a more subtle world. Maybe he could've dispassionately articulated to us what made the bank a monster. Yet by using such a dramatic, intense, and hyperbolic term, it becomes sharply clear to...

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