What literary devices are used by Mercutio and Romeo in their battle of wits scene in Act 2, Scene 4 of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet?  

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I love this scene from Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet!There are many literary devices being used in the exchange between Mercutio and Romeo in Act II, Scene IV, of this play.

Allusion and alliteration are used in this line from Mercutio:

"Mercutio: 'Alas poor Romeo! he is already dead... the very pin of his heart cleft with the blind bow-boy's butt-shaft: and is he a man to encounter Tybalt?'"

The allusion is to Cupid—"the blind bow-boy." The alliteration is the repetition of the "b" consonant sound in "blind bow-boy's butt-shaft." Incidentally, the butt shaft is the back of the arrow.

When Benvolio asks what Tybalt's story is, Mercutio replies thusly:

"More than Prince of Cats. Oh, he’s the courageous captain of compliments."

This quote also contains an allusion and alliteration. The allusion is to a fable entitled "Reynard the Fox," which contained a character that was as quarrelsome as Tybalt and had the same name. The alliteration is the repetition of the hard "c" sound.

In the following quote,...

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