The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck

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What literary devices are used in Chapter 16 of The Grapes of Wrath?

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In Chapter Sixteen of The Grapes of Wrath, there are several literary devices at work:

Figurative language

  • Steinbeck describes the Joad and Wilson families as in flight across the Panhandle, a country "lined and cut with old flood scars," with "scar" as metaphor for the flood lines.
  • Another metaphor occurs near the end of the chapter as the one-eyed man returns to his mattress and cries as the cars whiz past, only strengthening "the walls of his loneliness."
  • A simile is used in the description of the vastness of land: "The land rolled like great stationary ground swells."
  • Another simile occurs as Rose of Sharon is described,

She tried to arch her whole body as a rigid container to perserve her fetus from shock.

  • Casy mentions his observation of all the cars headed to California and uses a simile: "...it's like they was runnin' away from soldiers."
  • Granma has dementia and...

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