What literary device is used to describe the house in the first paragraph of the story?

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The literary figure Jack Frost is depicted in the first paragraph of the story "A Rose in the Heart of New York" to personify coldness as a key feature of the story. One of the first sentences reads:

Jack Frost in scales along the outside of the windows,...

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The literary figure Jack Frost is depicted in the first paragraph of the story "A Rose in the Heart of New York" to personify coldness as a key feature of the story. One of the first sentences reads:

Jack Frost in scales along the outside of the windows, giving to the various rooms a white filtered look.

The rest of the first paragraph is devoted to describing the house itself as chilling and empty, with descriptions of vacant rooms and rotting fruit. All in all, it is the very opposite of a comforting, nurturing, or warm environment. Such an introduction to the house foreshadows that the story will contain elements of metaphorical coldness, such as emotionally distant or undeveloped characters. The metaphor of the house as a foreshadowing device is extended near the end of the paragraph, where it is further personified:

A lonesome house it would prove to be, and with a strange life-likeness, as if it were not a house at all but a person observing and breathing, a presence amid a cluster of trees and sturdy wind-shorn hedges.

This description of the house, coupled with the initial evocation of Jack Frost, casts an eerie, other-worldly atmosphere of the story. Within the next scene, a baby is born in the house, but based on this cold and foreboding description of the house, the reader struggles to feel joy or hope for the child or her mother.

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