what are the lists of medication for mental illnesses and how do they help

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dano7744 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The list of mental health and psychiatric medications is quite extensive. A brief listing follows:

Antipsychotic medications: Thorazine, Haldol, Perphenazine, Fluphenazine.

Atypical antipsychotics: Risperdal, Zyprexia, Seroquel, Abilify, Invesa.

Medications used for depression: Prozac, Celexa, Zoloft, Paxil, Lexapro, Wellbutrin.

Anti-anxiety medications: Klonopin, Ativan, Xanax.

A chief tenet of mental illness and the medications used in the treatment of mental illness involves facts surrounding neurotransmitters in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers found in brain tissue. In most mental illnesses the person either has too much of a particular neurotransmitter or not enough. The medications act to either cause the brain to uptake more of a neurotransmitter or block the action of the neurotransmitter in question.