Let us go for four.
1) Allusion. To state the most obvious literary device first, like any good revivalist sermon, the text of "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" depends on allusions to the Bible. In his day, Jonathan Edwards was notable not only as a preacher, but also as a theological scholar. His sermons, though fiery in their message, are rigorous in their structure. Citations and even quotes from Scripture abound in Edwards's sermon. The emotional appeal is to reason and reflection: without a firm grounding in Scripture, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" would be a mere fire-and-brimstone rant. By providing textual foundation through allusion, Edwards shows that he expects his listeners to believe in his words as not just the intense, emotional setting of a revivalist church, but a sober reflection on their own lives.
2) Imagery. In "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God," Jonathan Edwards consistently employs vivid imagery to drive home the point that salvation is in God's...
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