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Lipstick is a cosmetic product that embellishes the lips, changing their natural color. The basic lipstick's ingredients are wax, oil, alcohol and pigments. To the 4 basic ingredients, a large variety of other ingredients are added, in order to provide different extra properties to the lipstick, such that: moisturizing property, extra-volume property, glossy property etc.
The basic ingredient wax contains a combination of beeswax and carnauba wax. Wax makes the lipstick shaping process more easier, while preservatives and antioxidant stop the rancidification of the lipstick. The basic ingredients of lipstick can be natural or organic compounds and the proportions of wax and oils, in percents, is larger than the proportions of pigments and alcohols.
The manufacturing process consists of three phases: melting and mixing step, shaping step and packaging step.
In the first step, the basic ingredients are separately melted, hence, the oils are melted apart from wax mixture and solvents. The recipients where the mixtures are melted are made from ceramics or stainless steel.
The pigments are then added to the melted mixture of solvents and oils and the result is mixed with the melted wax.
In the second step, the mixture of pigments and melted oils, solvents and wax are poured into shaping tubular molds. Then, after the mixture is cooled, is separated from the molds.
The final phase of manufacturing process deals with the packaging of the final product, which can be automated or not.
Core Lipstick Ingredients:-
- Wax gives lipstick its shttp://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-lipstick-how-made-468049hape, helps it to stay on and may also act as an emollient. Waxes derived from plants include candelilla and carnauba. Beeswax is animal-derived. Paraffin and ozokerite are derived from petroleum.
- Oil gives lipstick its shine, allows it to glide on easily, and often acts as an emollient. Common botanical oils include castor, chamomile, jojoba, olive, and sunflower oils. Lanolin oil (from sheep wool) and mineral oil are also used.
- Dyes and pigments that add color can be synthetically produced from “coal tar” dyes, which may add harmful metals to the lipstick. Minerals such as titanium dioxide, iron oxide, and mica are also used as color additives. While these minerals naturally contain trace amounts of metals as well, they are typically considered a safer alternative to coal tar dyes.
Natural lipstick colors may be derived from fruit and vegetable extracts such as turmeric or beetroot, or from flower and herb extracts such as alkanet or calendula. Animal-based lipstick colors include carmine (derived from a beetle) and pearl essence (or guanine), which comes from fish scales.
Commonly added lipstick ingredients
- Emollients make lipstick more moisturizing. Plant-based emollients include shea butter, cocoa butter, avocado, and aloe vera. Petroleum-based emollients include mineral oil and petrolatum. Other emollients include synthetic forms of vitamin A (retinyl palmitate or retinyl acetate) and tocopheryl acetate (vitamin E mixed with acid).
- Fragrance is sometimes added to mask the smell of other ingredients or enhance the smell of flavored lip products. Ingredients for synthetic fragrances are not required on the label and may contain allergens or irritants. Natural fragrances include vanilla and peppermint.
- Preservatives extend the shelf-life of lipsticks and keep the ingredients from going bad. Natural preservatives include vitamin E, tea tree oil, neem oil and cinnamon. Synthetic preservatives such as formaldehyde, BHT, and parabens typically offer a longer shelf-life than natural preservatives.
4 stages are as follows:-
- Pigment milling(in which you chose desired pigment,) or the combination of pigment and then carefully mix them. Then, pigment is joined with oils and put through three-roll mill which grind ever particle usually to the size of 20 microns. Common ration of oil and pigment is 2 to 1 particles.
Combination of pigment phase into base wax is done with simple mixing of those liquids in a steam-jacketed kettle that is equipped with one propeller agitator. After successful mixing, resulting liquid is again put through three-roll mill and usually grinded down to particle sizes of 20 microns.
Molding is done at specific temperatures to eliminate certain unwanted products of fast cooling (sometimes called “cold marks”). Lipsticks liquid that is heated to around 80 C is poured into vertical split molds that are kept at temperature of around 35 C. To prevent formation of air bubbles in the molds, manufacturers often use slightly tilted molds or use vacuuming to forcefully extract any air.
Flaming (Resulting lipstick is cooled down, extracted from the molds and prepared for flaming (passing of the sticks near one or several open flame torches that will meltsmall layer of gloss around lipsticks). This procedure will ensure better visual appearance of the lipstick, and protection from outside air and influences (lipsticks can become rancid after prolonged exposure to air, moisture and heat).
Packaging and labeling is done with the requirements of the manufacturers of brand owner.
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A lipstick is a type of cosmetic product for your lips. It is used to enhance usually the color. There are different kinds of lipsticks with specific purposes. Lip Balm is to help hydrate lips, usually for chapped lips. Lip Gloss is to add shine to your lips. Although Lip Stick is usally for color. It has been over use for many years for women usually. They are made from a mixture of oils, waxes, etc. The process is similar to making crayons, and they make lipsticks in factories by the batch, and make sure the batch is the same color! Although, lip sticks aren't always made in factories, you could make it yourself!
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