What are the linguistic devices used in 'To a Mouse' by Robert Burns and why are they effective?

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In "To a Mouse," by Burns, the most important linguistic device used--the device that contributed to a change in literature and a new movement in literature--is the Scottish dialect.

His use of common language for well-written, serious poetry--his poetry is serious, even when his subject is a mouse or a louse--is a rejection of neoclassicism, and ultimately helped pave the way to Romanticism. 

Burns uses a regional Scottish dialect used only by a relatively few Scots, and thereby brought poetry to the common people.  He rejected any view of poetry as elitist and only for the learned. 

Along with the dialect, his subject is also common--a farmer in a field who cuts through a mouse's home.  Yet he manages to deal with universal...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 403 words.)

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