What is the limit x-->0 (sqrt(1+x)-sqrt(1-x))/x ?
- print Print
- list Cite
Expert Answers
calendarEducator since 2011
write5,348 answers
starTop subjects are Math, Science, and Business
You should substitute 0 for x such that:
`lim_(x->0) (sqrt(1+x) - sqrt(1-x))/x = (sqrt(1+0) - sqrt(1-0))/0`
`lim_(x->0) (sqrt(1+x) - sqrt(1-x))/x = (1-1)/0 = 0/0`
The indetermination 0/0 could be solved using l'Hospital's theorem...
(The entire section contains 116 words.)
Unlock This Answer Now
Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.
Related Questions
- how to integrate [log({sqrt(1-x)}+{sqrt(1+x)}] where lower limit is 0 and upper limit is 1
- 1 Educator Answer
- What is lim_(x-> 0)(sqrt(x+5) - sqrt 5)/x
- 1 Educator Answer
- Is the limit below well defined ? Explain. lim x-->0 sqrt(x-x^2)
- 1 Educator Answer
- What is limit of (sinx)^(tgx) if x --->0?
- 1 Educator Answer
- limit ln(1+3x)/x,x>>0?
- 1 Educator Answer
The limit limit `lim_(x->0) (sqrt(1+x)-sqrt(1-x))/x` has to be determined.
Substituting x = 0 in `(sqrt(1+x)-sqrt(1-x))/x` gives the indeterminate result `0/0` .
Let us alter the expression by multiplying it with its conjugate.
`lim_(x->0) (sqrt(1+x)-sqrt(1-x))/x`
= `lim_(x->0) ((sqrt(1+x)-sqrt(1-x))*(sqrt(1+x)+sqrt(1-x)))/(x*(sqrt(1+x)+sqrt(1-x))) `
Use the relation `(x - a)(x + a) = x^2 - a^2`
= `lim_(x->0) ((sqrt(1+x))^2-(sqrt(1-x))^2)/(x*(sqrt(1+x)+sqrt(1-x)))`
= `lim_(x->0) (1+x - 1 + x)/(x*(sqrt(1+x)+sqrt(1-x)))`
= `lim_(x->0) (2x)/(x*(sqrt(1+x)+sqrt(1-x)))`
= `lim_(x->0) (2)/((sqrt(1+x)+sqrt(1-x)))`
Now when we substitute x = 0 the result is `(2)/(sqrt 1 + sqrt 1)` = `2/(2*sqrt 1)` = 1
The limit `lim_(x->0) (sqrt(1+x)-sqrt(1-x))/x = 1`
Student Answers