What lierary device is NOT found in Juliet's speech, lines 1 through 17, Act 3, Scene 2 of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet? Gallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds, Toward Phoebus' lodging. Such a...

What lierary device is NOT found in Juliet's speech, lines 1 through 17, Act 3, Scene 2 of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet?

Gallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds,
Toward Phoebus' lodging. Such a wagoner
As Phaeton would whip you to the west
And bring in cloudy night immediately.
Spread thy close curtain, love-performing night,
That runaways' eyes may wink, and Romeo
Leap to these arms, untalked of and unseen.
Lovers can see to do their amorous rites
By their own beauties, or, if love be blind,
It best agrees with night. Come, civil night,
Thou sober-suited matron, all in black,
And learn me how to lose a winning match
Played for a pair of stainless maidenhoods.
Hood my unmanned blood bating in my cheeks,
With thy black mantle, till strange love, grown bold,
Think true love acted simple modesty.
 
A. allusion
B. anecdote
C. alliteration
D. apostrophe (literary term)
E. Personification

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Tamara K. H. | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

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The only literary device from the list that is not shown in lines 1 through 17 of Juliet's speech in Act 3, Scene 2 is the device used to describe a short narrative of an event. In fact, all of the other literary devices actually overlap in places.

Apostrophe and personification often overlap because apostrophe is a moment in literature when something is addressed that is actually not physically there. The thing addressed could be personified. Dr. Wheeler gives us the example from John Donne, "Oh, Death, be not proud" ("Literary Terms and Definitions"). Since death is being addressed, this is an example of apostrophe; plus, since death is being addressed as a person, this is also a perfect example of personification, showing us how apostrophe and personification can often overlap. We also see this overlap in the first few lines of Juliet's speech.  When Juliet says, "Gallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds, / Towards Phoebus' lodging!," she is actually referring to mythology about the sun (III.ii.1). According to Greek mythology, Phoebus Apollo, the sun god, rode his chariot across the sky every morning and night, thereby commanding the sun to either rise or set. Therefore, when Juliet is addressing Phoebus Apollo, she is also addressing the sun, personifying it, and commanding it to set. Plus, since she is addressing the sun, we see that it is not only an example of personification, but of apostrophe as well.

Seeing that these lines refer to both Phoebus Apollo and the sun at the same time leads us into our discussion of how these first few lines also overlap with the literary element known as allusion. Allusion is when an author refers to a person, place, or thing found in other literature. Since Phoebus Apollo using his chariot to command the sun is a myth found in Ancient Greek literature, it is a perfect example of allusion. Not only is it allusion, it's what we call classic allusion because it refers to classic literature.

The fourth literary element that these lines referring to Phoebus Apollo overlap with is alliteration. Alliteration occurs when consonant sounds are repeated near each other. Dr. Wheeler gives us the example of "buckets of big blue berries" ("Literary Terms and Definitions"). In Juliet's lines, we can see alliteration in the phrase "fiery-footed," in which the f sound repeats. We can further see alliteration in the next lines referring to Apollo, "Such a wagoner / As Phaeton would whip you to the west" (2-3). Here, we can easily see that the w is being repeated.

Therefore, since Juliet's speech most definitely contains apostrophe, personification, allusion, and alliteration, the one thing it does not contain is an anecdote. An anecdote is like a short story. It's a narration that must contain a beginning, middle, and end; plus, it must contain characters. While Juliet's reference to Apollo certainly contains the character Apollo, her reference is also not told as a story with a beginning, middle, or end; therefore, her reference to Apollo cannot be seen as anecdote and no other anecdotes can be found in the lines.

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