What lessons would Ralph had learned by the end of the novel? I'm doing an assignment where I'm Ralph and I write a letter to my father explaining lessons learned on the island. I have 2 ideas so far; the power of fear (for example, how Jack got everyone on his side and controlled people through their fear of the beast) and the inherent sinful nature of mankind (there was nothing stopping them from acting on their own selfish, brute impulses). I'm on my last point, but I can't really think of anything else. Thanks in advance to whoever helps!

Expert Answers

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Another life lesson Ralph learned was to value friendship and loyalty, and he learns this lesson a little too late. There were many times he took Simon and Piggy's support for granted throughout their time on the island.  For example, when Ralph was swimming and Piggy wanted to talk to him about making a sun dial, and Ralph just rolled over to avoid having to listen to him. 

Both Simon and Piggy were incredibly loyal to Ralph, encouraging him to remain the leader and keep up the effort to be rescued, even in times when Ralph wanted to give up.  By the end of the novel, when both Piggy and Simon have been killed, Ralph realizes their true value; sometimes people do not realize what a good thing they have until it is gone.  Ralph wept "for the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy" (202).

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