what is the legal environment in malaysia?

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teachsuccess eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Hello! You asked about the Malaysian legal environment. The Malaysian legal environment is a mixed legal system of English common law (Malaysia is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, one of 53 independent countries which are formerly British colonies), Islamic law and customary law.The Supreme Head of the Federation may request judicial review of legislative acts through the Malaysian Supreme Court. The Supreme Head of the Federation is the King of Malaysia, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. He appoints the Prime Minister, who heads the legislative branch.

Islamic law is applied to all Muslims (especially in family matters) based on the Islamic Family Code and the Islamic Penal Code (Sharia). Customary law (expected and accepted conduct), may include variations in different Malaysian states. Customary law may include Malay customary law/adat, native/aboriginal customary law (orang asli) and also Chinese customary law. Each state in Malaysia has its own constitution. The judicial language used in Malaysia is the Bahasa Malaysia (Malay language).

The Civil Law Act of 1956 governs all business contracts in Malaysia. The central legal organization overseeing intellectual property rights is the Malaysian Intellectual Property Corporation. Although the equal treatment of both nationals and foreigners is not guaranteed in the Malaysian legal business framework, Malaysia is a member of the World Intellectual Property Organization and a signatory to the Paris Convention For the Protection of Intellectual Property. Arbitration is the main instrument of conflict resolution in all international disputes.

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