Throughout the novel, Harper Lee portrays the importance of following one's conscience and standing up for what is right. The novel persuades the reader to follow Atticus' morally upright character by challenging prejudiced views and arguing for equality. Lee also persuades the audience to exercise tolerance towards individuals with opposing views and show compassion for innocent people. Throughout the novel, Atticus encourages Scout to maintain her composure in the face of adversity and to be respectful to everyone, regardless of race, gender, religion, or class. Lee persuades the reader to follow the Golden Rule by treating others the same way you would want to be treated. Characters like Atticus, Miss Maudie, Judge Taylor, and Heck Tate understand the importance of treating individuals equally, as well as looking out for innocent members of society like Tom Robinson and Boo Radley. The novel encourages its audience to adopt Atticus' mindset in dealing with racism and prejudice, by challenging immorality throughout society, while simultaneously respecting others and displaying tolerance.