What are at least three ways in which Erikson's theory is applicable to the study of child development?

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Erikson's theory is based on the epigenetic principle. According to this principle, human personality develops in a predetermined order. Personality develops in stages, and each stage builds upon the previous one. At each stage of development, an individual experiences a psychological crisis—which could lead to a positive or negative outcome in personality. This theory influences the study of child development in many ways.

1. Erikson's theory provides the foundation upon which most child development modules are prepared. Although the theory has its critics, it is among the extensively used principles in child development studies.

2. Erikson's theory provides fundamental information that helps learners understand other child development theories. Although there are fundamental differences, Erikson's theory has many similarities to Freud's theory.

3. It provides grounds for research in child development studies. Those who study child development can put all the stages of child development to test.

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Erikson believed that childhood was very important to personality development. Five of his eight stages of Psychosocial Development occur during childhood. There are many reasons why his theory is applicable to the study of child development. Here are three that are important:

1) Erikson's organization of developmental stages provides us with a guide or an outline for studying the distinct changes (body, mind, and cultural) that a child goes through throughout his or her childhood.

2) Erikson's theory points out specific events that are important within each stage of a child's development. For instance, in the Infancy Stage, Feeding is the important event. In the Early Childhood Stage, toilet training is the important event. Being aware of these important events is very crucial in the study of child development.

3) Erikson's theory states that if a child does not successfully move through a given stage of development, he or she will experience problems later in life as a result. For instance, if a child does not successfully complete the Infancy Stage by learning to trust his or her caregiver(s), he or she may end up having issues with trusting others later in life. This theory may help us in some cases to understand how a child may have developed a certain psychological or social problem.

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