What are at least four dramaturgical terms?

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thanatassa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Although the term "dramaturgical" is ordinarily used to mean "pertaining to theater or drama" it also has a specialized use in sociology, referring to the notion of analyzing life as a form of performance articulated in The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life by Erving Goffman.

The individual's "true self" is opposed to the self seen in ordinary, everyday interactions with other people, which instead are forms of performance.

An individual displays a "front stage" of regular behaviors to be socially acceptable and conform to social norms, and what we know of other people is usually what happens on this front stage.

There is also a "backstage", which refers to where people are their authentic selves. Most people protect this space, rarely revealing it to their audience; it is a safe space whether they can be their most authentic selves.

When people reveal their true backstage characters in front of others, especially in social situations, Goffman refers to the act as a "break in character."

Groups that work closely together to accomplish goals are called "performance teams" by Goffman.

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