What language techniques do the quotes "All men are enemies. All animals are comrades" and "Four legs good, two legs bad" show?

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These quotes use the language technique of antithesis. Antithesis is the juxtaposition or putting together of opposites to make a point through contrast. In this instance, animals are contrasted to humans. We learn first that all humans are enemies of animals. Second, we learn that all animals are comrades,...

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These quotes use the language technique of antithesis. Antithesis is the juxtaposition or putting together of opposites to make a point through contrast. In this instance, animals are contrasted to humans. We learn first that all humans are enemies of animals. Second, we learn that all animals are comrades, or friends. A comrade is a person you are in community with and loyal to.

In the second quote, the four legs of animals (bird wings count as legs so that birds can be included) are contrasted to the two legs of humans. Again, the contrast is stark. There is no room for compromise. Four legs are are a good thing to have, two legs bad. The quote means animals must stick together: they have nothing in common with humans.

These quotes are also examples of antithesis because they use parallel grammatical structure. The parts of each quote are set up identically, following the pattern, first, of "All [blank] are [blank]," and second, of "[blank] legs [blank]." This structure highlights the contrast between animals and humans.

The quotes are also aphorisms, which are statements of wisdom put in a short, memorable way. It is easy for the animals to remember these words, both because the statements are short and simple and because the grammatical structure is parallel. In fact, the sheep will learn to repeat the second quote—"four legs good, two legs bad"—over and over to drown out dissent.

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