What language techniques are used in chapter 3 of The Great Gatsby?
In chapter 3 of The Great Gatsby, allusion is one of the main literary techniques used. The purpose of allusion is to depict Gatsby as being popular and powerful, like a medieval king. Allusion also reveals that Gatsby carefully controls people's perceptions of his intellect and interests.
Nick first provides generalized descriptions of the intoxicating comings and goings at Gatsby's mansion. He describes, in quick brushstrokes, evening events, afternoon parties, weekend parties, and cleanups.
One language technique Nick uses is simile, which is a comparison that uses the words like or as. He likens the party-goers to moths:
In his blue gardens men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars.
The sentence above all uses polysyndeton, conjunctions that aren't strictly necessary: Nick adds an extra "and" when he speaks of "the whisperings and the champagne and the stars," when normally one would write "the whisperings, the champagne and the stars." This extra "and" draws out and adds emphasis to each of the elements Nick names.
Calling the gardens "blue" is an...
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