Why Do We Require Language Planning

What is language planning?

who plans what, for whom and how?

Expert Answers
pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The only meaning of this term that I know is that language planning is the process of consciously shaping the way language is used (and what language or languages are used) in a country.

This can happen in a number of ways, but language planning is always done by governmental authorities.  The authorities determine what languages are to be used, how they are to be written, and even what words are to be recognized and approved of.

The question of "for whom" is decided by politics.  Language planning might be done to help linguistic minorities or it might be done to preserve the language and culture of the majority.

mkcapen1 | Student
Language planning is an interesting issue. It is when a group of people get together and try to change a language and create new ways to use the language. It usually includes the government and linguistic experts who are well versed in language laws. Usually guidelines and rules of language are established first. This means the development of grammar and word meanings to accompany the language. Language planning has two types; status planning which is a political acceptance of a language making it the official language of a country or forbidding the use of the language all together; and corpus planning, is changing the way a language is used by a society maybe by making a written form of the language or creating literature using the language.
versatilekamini | Student

Language planning is a promotion of a unified administrative language or languages,official and government-level activity concerning the selection. It represents a coherent effort by individuals, groups, or organizations to influence language use or development.

Language policy and planning decisions arise in response to sociopolitical needs. Language planning decisions may be required, for example, where a number of linguistic groups compete for access to the mechanisms of day-to-day life, or where a particular linguistic minority is denied access to such mechanisms.

Sources: http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-9210/planning.htm