What language manipulation causes the animals to give Napoleon the credit for all the good things accomplished on the farm?Question for Chapter 8 of Animal Farm. Thank you in advance! :)
In both Animal Farm and 1984 one of the central themes is language and its manipulation for the purposes of maintaining control. Throughout Animal Farm, the pigs increasingly twist and distort the principal ideas of Socialist Revolution to permit and justify their own behaviour and to deliberately confuse and exclude the other animals from what they are doing. The animals all join together to support Major's ideas of socialism, but after Major's death, these ideas are gradually distorted and changed by the pigs for their own purposes. What is crucial about this manipulation is that the other animals are unable to rebel against the pigs without rebelling against the key ideas of the Rebellion that they have all fought for.
The end of the novel, after Squealer's repeated amendments to the Seven Commandments to decriminalise the crimes of the pigs, the central concept of the farm is clearly declared as being that: “all animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” This is a clear perversion of the meaning of the word "equal" but is symptomatic of the method of the pigs in their use of language, which becomes ever more daring throughout the novel. Incidentally, you can also see that this foreshadows the use of language in 1984, where, for example, the Ministry of Love is anything but.
In Chapter 8 therefore one example of this process is Napoleon's edit against alcohol which is changed when he recovers from his hangover. The fifth commandment is changed accordingly to "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess."