Jonathan Swift's book Gulliver's Travels , begins with a letter from Gulliver to his cousin, and is then divided into four parts. Each part is named after the places he visits in that section. Parts 1, 2, and 4 are about Gulliver's visit to one place only, while in...
Jonathan Swift's book Gulliver's Travels, begins with a letter from Gulliver to his cousin, and is then divided into four parts. Each part is named after the places he visits in that section. Parts 1, 2, and 4 are about Gulliver's visit to one place only, while in part 3, he visits a variety of places with comically difficult names, but ends up in Japan.
In part 1, Gulliver journeys to the land of Lilliput. This is perhaps the most well known element of the story. The people of Lilliput are extremely tiny and view Gulliver as a threat. They are very small humanoids, like Gulliver in every way apart from their size. They also speak a language different from Gulliver's own.
In part 2, Gulliver travels to Brobdingnag, which is in many ways the opposite of Lilliput. Here, the people are 72 feet tall and Gulliver is showcased in a small box as a curiosity because he is, to them, a miniature person.
In part 3, Gulliver travels to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Glubbdubdrib, Luggnagg and Japan. The Laputans are similar in size to Gulliver, but their heads are tilted and they do not have any right angles. Below Laputa is Balnibarbi—Laputa literally floats over it. The king of Laputa can punish the Balnibarbians by floating over a particular town to keep the sun and rain from reaching it. In Glubbdubdrib, Gulliver is able to speak to many great humans of the past who have died, because the governor the country is able to resurrect the dead. In Luggnagg, there are some children, the Struldbrugs, who live forever. After being imprisoned in Luggnagg, Gulliver sails to Japan.
In part 4, Gulliver travels to the land of the Houyhnhnms. The Houyhnhnms disdain Gulliver because they think he is a brute, like their enemies, the Yahoos, but Gulliver becomes very close to his master in this country and learns to speak their language.