The main feature of the way that kinship was seen among the Cherokees was the fact that their society was divided up into matrilineal clans.
What this meant was that Cherokees would have seen themselves as members of a particular clan within the larger Cherokee nation. They would have felt that all of the members of that clan were kin to them. The clans were matrilineal, which means that membership in a clan depended on one's female lineage. Each Cherokee would belong to the clan of his or her mother. A Cherokee's relatives on their mother's side would be seen as much more important (much closer relations) than those on their father's side.