Hardy's Far from the Madding Crowd is a typical Victorian novel, meaning it uses a variety of narrative points of view. It includes an omniscient narrator and switches between the perspective of many of the main characters, including Gabriel, Bathsheba, and Troy. It also employs the narrative technique of dramatic irony.
The omniscient narrator, who knows and can comment on everything going on in a novel, would become suspect in the modernist era of the twentieth century, but Hardy uses this narrative voice unabashedly to let readers know what is happening and what it means. For example, early on in the novel, he tells us authoritatively about Gabriel Oak:
His Christian name was Gabriel, and on working days he was a young man of sound judgment, easy motions, proper dress, and general good character. On Sundays he was a man of misty views, rather given to postponing, and hampered...
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