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What kind of system of government is Nigeria operating with? Because I think the presidential system they are operating is not really working.

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Roosevelt Paulsen eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Nigeria is a federal democratic republic with a presidential system of government.

In a federal state, the primary political subdivision has a constitutional character independent of the central government. In the case of Nigeria, these are the 36 states. This is in contrast to a unitary state in which the political subdivisions are created by, and beholden to, the center.

In a presidential system of government the executive is headed by a president who is both chief of state and head of government. The president is independent of the legislature and is often elected through universal suffrage, thereby giving him a political mandate to govern directly and decisively. This is in contrast to a parliamentary system of governance in which the roles of head of state and chief of government are bifurcated between a president or monarch, and a prime minister, the latter being a member of the legislative body.

In terms of its democratic efficiency, there is general agreement that Nigeria sits at a midpoint between a transitional democracy and a consolidated democracy. In a consolidated democracy, the democratic institutions are on a solid enough foundation that there is minimal chance of democratic collapse.

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Nigeria is a federal republic whose government operates as a representative democracy. The current form of government was established in 1999, after the end of years of military rule. Much like in the United States of America, the president of Nigeria is head of the executive branch. The government also features a bicameral legislature and a judiciary branch.

The government and the president of Nigeria are vulnerable to corruption, just like members of any government. All in all, Nigeria has a relatively stable government that works to govern the country according to its constitution. In fact, the constitution of Nigeria has explicit clauses built into it to root out corruption. Clearly, this does not always get enforced.

Still, as a democracy, Nigeria holds elections to decide who holds office in government. Unfortunately, many elections in the past two decades have been the cause of violent events that put into doubt how fair and free the democracy really is. Patronage influencing and bribery are also frequent concerns.

In the end, though, it is safe to assume that Nigeria is still functioning mostly along the lines of its constitutional model. The different bodies of government are still carrying out their basic functions. Even with threats of violence and corruption, the members of the government are still part of a functioning governmental body. Just how truly democratic the government is, and how well it represents the will of the Nigerian people, is less clear.

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Nigeria operates under a federal republican model, based on that of the United States, with influences from the British Westminster system. Like in the USA, the president is both head of state and head of government.

Nigeria's preidential system does work well, however within the context of Nigerian politics, this is highly subjective. The Nigerian President fulfils the requirements of the Constitution, but like so much in Nigerian politics is conducted against a backdrop of of high levels of corruption and prebendalism.

Nigeria is still regarded as 'democratic', though the above problems are persistent. Even so, election irregularities are not seen to be a major problem and do not compromise the overall presidential system.

Nigeria certainly hasn't reached the point of despotism or dictatorship.