What kind of irony is used in Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven"?

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There mere repetition of the word "Nevermore" by the raven can be considered ironic in literary terms, which allows for more expansive use of the phrase than the regular definition of "irony" might allow.  Whereas "irony" in normal usage refers to the appearance of the opposite of what is expected, in literary terms it can have many meanings.  By having the raven repeat the response "Nevermore," Poe is employing the use of abstraction as a form of irony; the word doesn't really have any meaning, unless the bird can be considered a messenger from the lost Lenore or, perhaps, it originates from within the narrator's mind.  This is, after all, Edgar Allan Poe, a writer for whom psychological horror is more pronounced than physical horror.  

Another use of irony involves the introduction of a bird where the reader would...

(The entire section contains 433 words.)

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