A dynamic character is someone who undergoes a significant internal change and completely transforms their perspective or attitude due to the conflicts they encounter throughout the story. In Dicken's classic story "A Christmas Carol," Ebenezer Scrooge is a quintessential dynamic character, who completely transforms his outlook on life and personality by the end of the story. At the beginning of the story, Ebenezer Scrooge is portrayed as a callous, greedy man who lacks sympathy and is filled with avarice. He is extremely hostile to his clerk, Bob Cratchit, and refuses to donate to the poor during the Christmas holiday. Scrooge is a lonely, cold man who is only concerned with his business and experiences a miserly life.
On Christmas Eve, Scrooge is visited by the ghost of his former business partner, Marley. Marley's Ghost informs him that he will be visited by three spirits throughout the night. Scrooge is then visited by the three spirits, who show him glimpses of his past, present, and future. He is deeply moved by the experience with the three spirits and vows to completely transform his life.
By the end of the story, it is Christmas Day and Scrooge as significantly altered his perspective on life. He has transformed into a gracious, benevolent man who is friendly, charismatic, and sympathetic. His dramatic change and new outlook on life are what make him a dynamic character.