What kind of literary devices are used in Leaf Storm?
Gabriel Garcia Márquez's novella Leaf Storm uses several literary devices. For example, the story contains three main narrators, each with their own speaking and thinking style; the narration is first-person, present-tense, allowing an immediacy to the story and the situations. The story begins without setup or explanation: this is called in media res, or "in the middle" and is popular in fiction for its ability to "hook" the reader into the story quickly.
The other major literary device is stream-of-consciousness, which is employed by each of the narrators:
I can hear the train whistling at the last bend. It's two-thirty, I think, and I can't get rid of the idea that at this moment all of Macondo is wondering what we're doing in this house. I think about Señora Rebeca, thin and looking like parchment...
(Márquez, Leaf Storm, Google Books)
As the story progresses, each character remembers past events and people, connecting them to the present and informing the reader about their past and history. This informs without breaking the flow of the story, and by letting the reader in on even the minor details of their thoughts, Márquez shows how each character feels and thinks about the others, even when they don't speak aloud.