What kind of limits do the gods have in The Odyssey?

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In terms of The Odyssey by Homer the limits the gods possess seems to be through another god.  While they are able to exercise power of the world of the mortals, their own limitations would be at the hands of another immortal.  For example, Poseidon has nothing but disdain and anger for Odysseus in the manner in which the hero treated his son and his overall demeanor.  Yet, while Poseidon does have his way in causing challenge in Odysseus predicament, his full desires are thwarted by Athena who constantly favors the mortal and seems to always provide a bailout to him while in trouble and despair.  The polytheistic composition of Greek divinity establishes an understanding that the desires of one God or Goddess can be maximized and fulfilled, but is always limited through the presence and power of another immortal.

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