What kind of king  was Ozymandias?

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The vision depicted in the poem indicates that Ozymandias was a strong ruler.  He was probably one that ruled out of fear and conquest, and ruled with a strong sense of control.  The fact that he would have a statement such as "Look on my works, ye mighty and despair," indicates that there is a sense of ego within the ruler.  The fact that the statue is now decrepit and broken down indicates that the ruler is not one that is viewed in the modern setting with a sense of reverence of respect.  They might have ruled out of fear, but now, when there is no longer a fear of the ruler's extent, he is forgotten.  Perhaps, Shelley is making a statement here about the nature of political power and how it should be utilized.

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The poem "Ozymandias" by Percy Bysse Shelley was reputedly written about the Egyptian King Rameses 11 - Ozymandias was his Greek name. He was an Egyptian pharaoh from 1279-1213 b.c.e. and was famous for his statesmanship, architecture,military leadership, administrative abilities, and building activity. He set the benchmark by which subsequent rulers of Egypt measured themselves.His own story of his rights to power were that he was born of Egypt’s great god Amen (personified by King Seti I) and Queen Tuya, Ramses was designated “while yet in the egg” as a future Pharaoh of Egypt.This was his own story of his  birth. The time he was born under  was the New Kingdom, when Egypt was trying to keep control of a huge empire that ranged from the Fourth Cataract of the Nile in the Sudan to the provinces of North Syria.

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The Ozymandias of Shelley's poem of the same name was sculpted with a "frown," a "wrinkled lip," and a "sneer of cold command."  And the words carved on the pedestal were:

"My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:

Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!"

Thus, one can assume that, since the quote uses the plural works the king must have had plenty.  So he apparently was wealthy and successful, and powerful (to be so wealthy and to be able to command multitudes of workers or slaves).  And frown and wrinkled lip and sneer suggest disdain and dominance, and despair suggests haughtiness. 

So the king was wealthy and powerful and disdainful and haughty and was a dominant ruler.

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