Sure. There are many examples of hyperbole (extreme exaggeration for effect) in this great short story. I would say the first line is hyperbole: " On the third day of rain they had killed so many crabs inside the house that Pelayo had to cross his drenched courtyard and throw them into the sea, because the newborn child had a temperature all night and they thought it was due to the stench."
That's a lot of crabs!Hyperbole for the purpose of gentle satire is introduced soon after: " And yet, they called in a neighbor woman who knew everything about life and death to see him, and all she needed was one look to show them their mistake."
She knew everything? And could define him in one look? That's extreme.