What kind of government did England have during World War II?

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During World War II (1939–1945) Great Britain had a constitutional monarchy. Just as it is today, the government was headed by the prime minister, who was appointed under the auspices of the ruling monarch. The prime minister appoints all the other ministers of the national government who make up the Cabinet. The parliament is composed of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The House of Commons is the main legislative body in the government and is composed of elected representatives. King George VI was the reigning monarch during the war. While the king did not take an active role in the daily function of the government, he served as a central figurehead of the government. The government of Great Britain during the war was structured very much as it still is today.

At the outbreak of the war, Neville Chamberlain was serving as the prime minister. He received a lot of criticism for failing to counter the Nazi threat when it still may have been possible to avoid outright conflict. When Chamberlain resigned in 1940, Winston Churchill took over as prime minister after he was appointed by King George VI. His coalition government was referred to as the Churchill war ministry. Although it was led by the Conservative Party, it included leaders from the Labour and Liberal parties as well. A few months before the end of the war, the Labour Party won elections and Clement Attlee was appointed as prime minister.

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During World War II, Great Britain had a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system in place.  The role of Parliament in Great Britain was to make primary legislation.

The political leader of the country was the Prime Minister.  During World War II, there were three Prime Ministers of Great Britain.  When the war began, Neville Chamberlain was the Prime Minister.  He resigned and Winston Churchill took on his role.  Churchill was the most famous Prime Minister from this period of time.   He was very involved in the British war effort during his time in office.  Clement Attlee became Prime Minister after Churchill, and he was in office for less than two months before VJ Day and the end of the war.  The monarch of Great Britain, who at the time was George VI, usually did not make political decisions.  Instead, he relied heavily on the decision-making of the country's Prime Minister.

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