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During the 1840’s Transcendentalists experimented with living in communes such as the one founded by George Ripley. In the beginning of the Transcendental movement Ripley held meetings at his Boston home. Later, Ripley developed a commune called Brook Farm in West Roxbury, Massachusetts that existed from 1841 -1847. The Transcendentalists attempted to live according to their beliefs of living in harmony of the mind and body with spiritual equality for all. They thought physical labor was good for the soul and had health benefits therefore all members of the commune participated in physical labor regardless of their occupations. Writers and poets learned about farming and animal care as they worked the farm. The commune depended on the contributions of all of the members.
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