What kind of characters are the lawyer and the banker in "The Bet"? Static or dynamic?

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The banker is a dynamic character, one who fundamentally changes throughout the course of the story. The narrator tells us that, during the fifteen years in which he has kept the lawyer as a prisoner in his own home, the banker has gone from a "fearless, self-confident, proud man of...

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The banker is a dynamic character, one who fundamentally changes throughout the course of the story. The narrator tells us that, during the fifteen years in which he has kept the lawyer as a prisoner in his own home, the banker has gone from a "fearless, self-confident, proud man of business" to an "ordinary banker, trembling at every rise and fall in the market." Moreover, the banker becomes a man who is willing to murder another person in order to keep from giving up the last of his own money, and never "had he felt such contempt for himself as now." He has changed, growing to prize money more than he ever has and devalue human life. He was once the type to argue about what is humane, as he recalls in the story's beginning, but now he will murder without regard for such concerns.

The lawyer is, likewise, a dynamic character. He writes to the banker in a letter,

That I may show you in deed my contempt for that by which you live, I waive the two millions of which I once dreamed as of paradise, and which I now despise. That I may deprive myself of my right to them, I shall come out from here five minutes before the stipulated term, and thus shall violate the agreement.

Thus, the lawyer once prized money and counted it as even more important to him than his own freedom. Now, he realizes that very little which seems to be so important to people is actually of any importance at all. He believes that we are "mad" and that we "'have bartered heaven for earth.'"

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The definition of a dynamic character, is one who changes though the course of the story, as opposed to a static character, who does not change.  Both the banker and the lawyer are dynamic characters.

The lawyer, young and boisterous at the beginning of the story, is greatly affected and changed by his fifteen year imprisonment.  Though he endures much of it and seems to be changing positively (playing the piano, learning new languages, enrapturing himself in vigorous study), we see that at the end of his sentence he is emaciated and has aged greatly and for the worst.  Though he easily won the bet (by remaining imprisoned for the entire 15 years) he leaves a day before his sentence is over, thereby forfeiting his winning.  This shows the greatest change in character.  He submits to being proven wrong and basically admits that he would have rather died than be shut up for 15 years in solitude.

The banker changes as a result of his circumstances.  In the 15 years he keeps the lawyer prisoner, he loses all of his money and knows the reward he owes will destroy him.  While he was a rich and seemingly honest man at the beginning of the story, his lack of wealth at the end drive him to dishonesty and even a plan for murder.

The changes of each character from the beginning of the story to the end could be considered extreme, which makes these men dynamic characters.

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