Jacques Lacan

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what are the key ideas of Lacanian psychoanalysis?

lynnemcvey | Student

Lacan "dabbled in psychoanalysis."  ????????????? Go to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy or changingminds.org. 

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cgrant2 | Student

Jacques Lacan is another person who dabbled in psychooanalysis just like Freud. Lacan challenged many of Freuds ideas of the unconcious and the id/ego. Freud has many theories based on sexual development and desire. Lacan challenged those ideas by analyzing how children interpret language and the "real" as Lacan describes it. Some might say that Lacan kinds of followed in the footstep of Freud and took his ideas a step further.

The three key ideas of Lacan are

1. The Real  

The real differs from the symbolic because its the real is not accessible. The real is series of expressions and emotions that are controlled by something we are not aware of. The real is also an not accessible quality. We exist in the real, but we do not know we exist in the real. There is a sense of anxiety that is associated with the real because it can not be controlled. The real is described as lying beyond the symbolic. Hallucinations stems from feeling and emotions that were not integrated into the symbolic order are put into the real. We as human can not distingush between fiction and reality so we interpret the real as reality. When in fact the real may not be a reality. 

2. Symbolic Order 

The symbolic order is one of three orders that things can go into. The symbolic order is a realm in which our desires and emotions are stored and interpreted. Death and absence is apart of the symbolic order because we can understand these terms, but they might not be interpreted. If something is in the symbolic order, there is a sense of understanding. If something that is symbolic transfers into another or the real, that something becomes an allusion.

3. Mirror Stage 

Lacan's "mirror stage" is probably the theory that is talked about the most. This theory deals with infants and mirrors. When an infant looks his/or herself in the mirror, they become fascinated with the image until they realize that the image is not real. This goes back to the concept of the real infants can not determine between the real.  when the realized whether or not the real is present or not, they lose interest. This theory shows that we start to interpret what is real and what is imaginary based on looking in a mirror.  

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