Zygmunt Bauman was born in 1927 in Poland to a Jewish-Polish family. Throughout his life, he was twice forced to move to a different country for his religious views, once to the USSR and once to Israel.
Following military service, Bauman went back to school, began to lecture at universities, and eventually became a prominent social theorist.
His work Liquid Modernity was groundbreaking, as it reframed the way in which people think about modernity and postmodernity. Previously, modernity was treated as a sociological era governed through an adherence to rules and order. When postmodern thought ostensibly broke that order, it was viewed as a titanic shift or deviation. However, Bauman argued that it was only through a strict adherence to preconceived rules that change could occur, therefore postmodernity was actually the rational and natural final phase of traditional modernity. This contention was previously broached when Bauman argued that modernity made the Holocaust not only possible,...
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