Person-centered therapy, or Rogerian therapy, emphasizes the idea that the client is in control of his or her therapeutic process and that the therapist is not the expert. Instead, the therapist is an empathic person who helps the client realize his or her capacity for personal growth.
Rogers believed that people have the ability for growth and what he called self-actualization, or the capacity to use their inner resources for growth. This model differed from earlier therapies, which emphasized people's problematic behaviors and limitations. To help facilitate this change, the therapist treats the client with unconditional positive regard and empathy and allows the client to direct the therapy when possible.
To grow in a psychological sense, the...
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