Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes mellitus that only surfaces in pregnant females. It is an intolerance to glucose. Generally, after childbirth the women's body returns to her pre-pregnant state and the diabetes disappears. In some women the development of gestational diabetes predisposes them to developing adult onset diabetes later in life.
The etiology of gestational diabetes is idiopathic but some factors include a previous delivery of a large infant or a positive family history of diabetes mellitus.
Some women develop signs and symptoms such as polyuria, polydipsia, and recurring vaginal infections. Other women remain asymptomatic throughout the pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes is one of the three types of diabetes. It is diagnosed in pregnant women when they have reached about 28 weeks gestation. If a woman is diagnosed with gestational diabetes it does not mean that she had diabetes before the pregnancy and it does not mean that she will have diabetes after the pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed when women who have never had diabetes before suddenly have high levels of blood glucose. Approximately 4% of pregnant women are diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
It is very important that women take very good care of themselves during pregnancy. Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes may develop what is called macrosomia. This condition can cause babies to be born very large. In addition, newborns may have low glucose levels due to the extra levels of insulin and breathing problems.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women. It may not be a factor for the woman before or after her pregnancy, but can be dangerous for both the woman and her fetus while it is occurring. Diabetes of all types involves difficulty regulating blood glucose and insulin levels. In gestational diabetes, hormones from the placenta block the action of insulin in the mother's body, and can result in elevated levels of glucose in the fetus. The baby can put on too much fat and be at risk for type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy. It is something that is not really dangerous for the mother in any way, but it can hurt the health of the unborn baby. For this reason, pregnant women get blood sugar tests and may have to change their diets so as to avoid gestational diabetes.
When a woman has gestational diabetes, her body is unable to properly process glucose. That means that more of the glucose than normal enters her blood stream. This is cause by hormones produced by the placenta.
Gestational diabetes is the type of diabetes appeared to some women, during pregnancy time, because the body secretes insufficient quantities of insulin to maintain a blood glucose (the amount of glucose in the blood) within normal limits. Blood sugar grows usually between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes is different from other types of diabetes, because it occurs during pregnancy and disappears after birth. Other types of diabetes, type I and type II, are maintaining throughout life.
This type of diabetes is a risk factor for emergence of hypertension during pregnancy. Child may have increased birth weight, which complicate natural birth. Women who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at increased risk of diabetes to the next pregnancy, and they have a high risk of developing type II diabetes, less than five years after birth.