Jesus' teachings were firmly rooted in Jewish tradition; One God, The Ten Commandments, and strict obedience to the laws of Moses. However, his 'message' to his followers was to 'believe in him' and those that chose that path would recieve spiritual salvation, and eternal life. Jesus rejected an 'eye for an eye' and instead preached 'forgiveness'. Jesus' 'The Sermon on the Mount' speaks directly to his followers; the meek, the mericiful, and the peacemakers, to 'believe in him'. On the surface his instructions seem simple, however the real lesson Jesus wanted his followers to see, learn, and realize was that their life was a gift that mattered to him, and when we least expect it to it matters to others.
Jesus instructed his followers to love each other, to serve each other and to respect the authority of the Pope. He gave Peter the keys of the kingdom, which have been passed down through the papacy to his successors.
"Love one another, as I have loved you." (John 13:34).
"Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another's feet. I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you" (John 13:14,15).
The teachings of Jesus instruct His followers to embrace each other, to care for each other as a Christian community. To recognize the Pope as the head of the Catholic Church and to accept that he is Christ's representative on earth.
Jesus' teachings to his disciples are found in Matthew's Gospel chapters 5 and 6. His instructions to his disciples were, in a nutshell, that they should not be hypocrites like the pharisees and the scribes who were nothing but 'whitewashed tombs.' Christ wanted his disciples to have a pure and holy heart, and that their outward actions should reflect the true inner purity of their heart and mind. He insisted that the thought life of his followers must be pure and holy: "Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God."
Jesus Christ sums up all the teachings and the instructions from the ancient Jewish Books of the Law and the Prophets of the Old Testament in the Gospel according to St. Matthew, Chapter seven verse 12 : "Therefore, whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets."
Jesus Christ's last words were " Therefore go and make disciples of all nations,baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit," Matthew 28:19 meaning go and spread the gospel and share the good news. He has also called us to be humble and love one another. We are supposed to live the life he lived and follow what he did. Even though he was perfect and we might fail he is our example and we are supposed to abide by what he did.
Jesus Christ's main instruction to His followers was to love one another. Jesus has called us all to be Christ-like. In so doing, we need to treat each other as we would like to be treated. If everyone did this, we would live in a much safer and happier world.