What does Jesus mean by asking Peter three times "Do you love me?" And why does Jesus call him formally?

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The conversation you are talking about is recounted in The Gospel of John, Chapter 21.

The reason that Jesus asks Simon Peter this question three times is because Peter had betrayed him three times before Jesus was crucified.  (Mark 14)  By asking him the question three times, Jesus is both...

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The conversation you are talking about is recounted in The Gospel of John, Chapter 21.

The reason that Jesus asks Simon Peter this question three times is because Peter had betrayed him three times before Jesus was crucified.  (Mark 14)  By asking him the question three times, Jesus is both reminding Peter of what he had done and, perhaps, giving him a symbolic chance to affirm his love as many times as he had denied it.

Why formally, with the name of his father?  I think this is to underline how seriously he means the question and, with it, the instruction to "feed my sheep."

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