Prisoner inmates in the United States have to deal with many issues related to how they are managed while in prison. In general, the issues revolve around attempts to maintain a balance between prisoner rights and the need for the administration of the prison to maintain order or to incarcerate the prisoners at a relatively low cost.
For example, prisoners in California today face issues of insufficient space in the prisons. The prisons are trying to manage the large number of inmates in an environment where there is not enough funding. This means that prisoners are kept in very crowded areas with little opportunity for recreation or exercise. This is a major management issue since the prisons are having to try to manage excessively large populations without sufficient resources.