What is the worldview put forth in "The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson?

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The most obvious worldview put forth in Shirley Jackson's short story "The Lottery" is that any custom practiced in the name of tradition could certainly lead to victimization.

In Jackson's story, the practice of the Lottery consists in the stoning of a member of the village by drawing a name from a box. There is no purpose nor rationale for this morbid form of community "celebration", and there is no point in conducting these actions either.

Although the villagers had forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still remembered to use stones. The pile of stones the boys had made earlier was ready; there were stones on the ground with the blowing scraps of paper that had come out of the box Delacroix selected a stone so large she had to pick it up with both hands and turned to Mrs. Dunbar.

This passage shows how the compulsive practice of something for which there is no clear objective can enslave us into submission to every rule and regulation that the practice entails. In turn, this breaks completely with the normalcy of human interaction.The people have, at this point, forgotten what the lottery is. However, the lottery has turned them into savages. That disgraceful legacy is the only thing that the villagers have kept from it.

Notice how Delacroix and Mrs. Dunbar speak normally to Tessie just like the rest of the villagers speak naturally to each other. However, the practice of the lottery turns their relationship into a barbaric and abhorrent game of hunter and prey...only to repeat the same process in a future occasion.

Therefore, when any practice is accepted blindly and practiced without question, the natural development of things is that the practice will grow until it becomes a habit. Bad habits are very hard to break, and we are its ultimate victims.

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Discuss Weltanschauung (world view) in "The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson.

I would say that one of the larger views of the world that Jackson offers is the "tyranny of the majority."  If the story is considered from Tessie's point of view, Jackson's view of social orders is an oppressive one.  The ending where Tessie's screams are heard while everyone, including her family, picks up stones to pulverize her is a vision where society's potential for oppression is viewed.  For Jackson, the individual needs some level of shields or defenses against a society that has turned against them.  I would say that another view of the world that Jackson offers is how individuals become complacent what what is and what has been.  There is some chatter in the woods that morning about "doing away" with the lottery.  Yet, people like Old Man Warner deride the idea without giving much in way of explanation.  Jackson's view of the world here is one where individuals lack the courage to be able to articulate where a world should be and are more likely to embrace what the world is.  The lack of a creative power or transformative vision that these individuals might be a...

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part of the reason why social practices silence voices as opposed to embracing them.  Finally, I think that an interesting idea about the nature of justice emerges here.  The question that Jackson leaves the reader pondering is whether Tessie is screaming about the "unfairness" of the lottery's practice because it is happening to her or because she legitimately sees it as unfair.  Phrasing this another way, if another person would have been victimized by the lottery, would Tessie still object as vehemently as she did?  I think that Jackson's world view is also present in this idea.  Do individuals speak out against perceived unfairness because their interests are threatened or because a larger interest is being challenged?  How individuals answer this might also reflect much about an individual's own world view as well as the vision Jackson presents in her short story.

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