What is the theme of the book Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank?

Some of the themes of The Diary Of a Young Girl by Anne Frank are the pursuit of identity, coming of age, freedom, war, humanity, and hope.

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I would argue that the themes in this haunting diary are war, anti-Semitism, and coming of age.

With regard to war and anti-Semitism, it is the ongoing conflict in Europe that has forced the Frank family into their current situation. Hitler’s hatred for the Jews, and his determination to round them up into concentration camps, has forced these families into hiding. Their move into hiding is brought forward when Anne’s older sister is sent call-up papers, which is indicative of how serious the situation was for Jews in Europe at the time. It is thanks to war and anti-Semitism that the Frank and van Daan families must remain absolutely silent during the day to avoid detection. Similarly, they must move around in the darkness by night. Thanks to war, they live, as Jews, with the constant fear of being captured and sent to their death.

The second theme is coming of age. Despite the unusual nature of life in the annex, life goes on, and Anne’s initial disdain for Peter van Daan gradually turns to love and physical attraction. Of course, no real semblance of normality is possible in the annex, and their relationship is unable to grow as it may have if the circumstances had been different. The ongoing conflict between Anne and her mother is also a common side effect of adolescence or coming of age.

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There are several themes in The Diary of a Young Girl, also known as The Diary of Anne Frank; it is mostly a book about growing up, about self-doubt and self-discovery, about a young girl's quest for identity, but, most importantly, it is a book about the meaning of freedom and the complexity of human nature.

Through Anne's writings, readers become indirect witnesses of the horrors of WWII and the pain and suffering that the Jewish people endured. Anne represents all young children that were forced to live in a world of war, chaos and secrets; the children that were forced to grow up much too soon and the children that learned how cruel this world can be.

Anne feels lonely and misunderstood, similar to how many teenagers her age can sometimes feel, which is actually the main reason why she decides to start a diary—to write about her deepest thoughts and emotions. Unlike most teens, however, her life is in constant danger and she and her family must hide to protect themselves from the evil people who were convinced that they are more superior than others. Despite this, Anne never loses hope in humanity and believes that there's good in everyone and dreams of a better life, a life outside the Secret Annex; in this context, hopes and dreams is also one of the themes.

It's important to mention that this is essentially a memoir; it's not a classic novel that has themes and motives, it is simply a diary that reveals parts of a young girl's mind and soul during a time of conflict and suffering.

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One of the themes of Anne Frank's diary is the loneliness and isolation of adolescence. Being a young adult can be hard at times, but it's harder still if you're forced to live in such a tense, claustrophobic environment like Anne. Anne is growing up very quickly, but there is really no one around with whom she can share her experiences. She's not particularly close to Margot; her relationship with her mother is fraught, to say the least; she completely adores her father, but there are certain things that she can't really share with him. So she remains alone. And her feelings of loneliness and isolation are compounded by the fact that no one truly understands her. Anne is very mature for her age, full of complex thoughts and feelings and it's so incredibly frustrating for her not to be able to share them with others. Peter van Daan briefly fills the role of confidant, but ultimately his intellectual inferiority and relative lack of maturity count against him.

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There are several themes in the novel "Anne Frank: The Diary of A Young Girl."  One of the themes is the sacrifice of one human being for another.  The act of hiding people at the risk of your own life and giving of your food, living space, and friendship to spare the lives of people around you.

"An underlying theme of Anne's account is man's inhumanity to man. Simply because of her religious beliefs, Anne is confined and lives in constant fear of death. Eventually, she does die, along with over six million other Jews during World War II."

Yet another theme is what happens to people when they are imprisoned.  How do they change?  What happens to people when they try to live, as the Franks did, for two years in a small area with little food, space, entertainment, and no freedom?

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