illustration of Sherlock Holmes in profile looking across a cityscape with a magnifying glass in the distance and a speckled band visible through the glass

The Adventure of the Speckled Band

by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
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What is the speckled band and what roles does it play in the story? In what way is Holmes responsible for the murder in the story?

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The speckled band in this story is a snake.  Specifically, it is a snake that is described as a "swamp adder."  It is supposedly the "deadliest snake in India."  It kills both Julia Stoner and Dr. Roylott.

I assume that the second part of your question refers to the death...

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The speckled band in this story is a snake.  Specifically, it is a snake that is described as a "swamp adder."  It is supposedly the "deadliest snake in India."  It kills both Julia Stoner and Dr. Roylott.

I assume that the second part of your question refers to the death of Roylott and not to the death of Julia Stoner.  I don't think Roylott's death is properly called a murder, but Holmes has nothing to do with Stoner's death...

As to Roylott's death, Holmes causes it.  When the snake comes through the grate, Holmes strikes at it and it returns to where it came from.  When it gets there, it kills Roylott by biting him.

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