What is the significance of the title, Lord of the Flies? What conclusions can you draw from the novel about the nature of evil? Please substantiate your claim with relevant examples from the text.

The title Lord of the Flies comes from the name that Simon applies to the pig’s head that he believes is the beast. The title is significant because Simon had suggested to the boys that the beast was inside them all. It can be understood as referring to the dark side of human nature that turns people against each other, or as representing the devil.

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The title of the novel Lord of the Flies originates with Simon, who uses this term for the fly-covered head of the dead pig that the hunters killed. Of all the marooned boys, Simon was the one who had the greatest insights into the “beast” that instilled so much fear in all of them. Beginning with the littluns, the boys began to worry that a horrible, hostile creature was on the island with them. When they meet to discuss the problem, Simon listens to the various stories and suspicions. He then comments, “Maybe the beast is in us.”

Simon later seems to experience a complete mental and physical breakdown when he confronts the “lord” in the jungle. He hears the beast say that it is “a part of you.” The concern he expressed about having the beast inside has now come true in regard to his own situation. Simon’s succumbing to terror marks a turning point in the novel, after which the positive social bonds that had kept the group together no longer hold. Instead of caring for each other and sharing the common goal of being rescued, the boys turn on each other and begin to hunt individual boys instead of animals. As they lose sight of their common humanity, evil overtakes the good in them, and they behave like beasts rather than boys.

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