A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings by Gabriel García Márquez

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What is the significance of the characters's names?

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There are quite a few characters in this story that don't have names, so I am going to direct my answer to three main characters that do have names.

Pelayo, Elisenda, and Father Gonzaga are the names of three characters that might be based on historically significant people in Christian history. Pelayo is credited with starting the Christian reconquest of the Iberian peninsula from the Moors. Elisenda could refer to Elisenda of Montcada. She was the last wife of James II of Aragon. She was supposedly quite pious and was noted for her "exquisite religiosity." She was also instrumental in the construction of a monastery called the Order of the Poor Clares in Barcelona. Father Gonzaga's name might be referencing Saint Aloysius de Gonzaga. He was an Italian aristocrat that became a Jesuit. He was even granted an audience with the Pope at one point.

All three of these real historical figures are noted for their faith in Christianity. Angels and miracles would very much be believed by these...

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