What is the significance of Piggy's plea to join the expedition in Lord of the Flies?

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In chapter 1 we learn that the boys were on a plane that was shot down and crashed onto a deserted, jungle island. The first two boys we meet are Ralph and Piggy . Piggy is clearly different than the other boys: he's bigger, smarter, and wears glasses. He's the...

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In chapter 1 we learn that the boys were on a plane that was shot down and crashed onto a deserted, jungle island. The first two boys we meet are Ralph and Piggy. Piggy is clearly different than the other boys: he's bigger, smarter, and wears glasses. He's the one who finds the conch shell and suggests to Ralph to use it to locate the other boys from the plane. But once Ralph is elected as the leader and Jack's group of boys are determined to be group's hunters, Piggy is ignored. Ralph, Jack, and Simon head off to explore the island. Piggy begs to go with them, but since he's overweight they don't think they can keep up and leave him behind. Ralph tries to give a consolation assignment and leaves him behind to get the names of the rest of the boys.

Piggy is not happy about his assignment, but he respects the position to which Ralph has been elected, and so he listens to Ralph's orders.

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In the first chapter, when Ralph, the newly appointed chief says they need to see if they are indeed, on an island, and therefore they need to explore, Piggy says he wants to go with Ralph, Jack, and Simon.  Ralph tells Piggy that he's no good on a job like this; Jack just says, "We don't want you." The significance is that Piggy is the voice of reason and intellect - a voice needed among the boys.  Piggy does not get any respect from Jack and even Ralph is slow to show him much, but Piggy wants and deserves respect.  Piggy even tries another tactic by telling Ralph that he was hurt that Ralph told the boys his nickname was "Piggy".  Ralph makes Piggy feel a little better by telling him it could be worse, and that it was Piggy's job to get the names of all the other boys.  This shows that Ralph has empathy for Piggy, the sign of the civility which the reader sees in Ralph throughout the story. 

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