What is the significance of Nature in Emily Dickinson's poems?
Dickinson often uses nature as a reflection of humanity: of our human feelings (good or bad), our fears, our hopes, and our frailties. For example, in one poem, she claims that "'Hope' is the thing with feathers," using a metaphor to compare our own human hope with a bird. Its singing never stops. We can hear our hope singing even in the midst of a storm, and this "little Bird" keeps us warm and comforts us without ever asking a thing from us. On the other hand, in another poem, Dickinson says she "dreaded that first robin so" and describes these birds' songs as "shout[s]" that "Had power to...
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In addition to what was already given as an answer, Emily Dickenson was a shut in. She lived in her bedroom, upstairs, fearing the outside. Perhaps this led to a hightened sense and a love of nature. She would roll up her poems, creating little scrolls tied up by ribbon and fill a basket with them. She would then lower the basket down, using a rope, to children down below. The children would take the poems in exchange for flowers. She would then pull the basket back up to her window.